Timeline . . .






January 3 — Destruction of blockade-runner Bendigo

January 4 — Action at Lockwood’s Folly Inlet between U.S. Navy and Confederate batteries, Cape Fear

January 7 — Destruction of blockade-runner Dare near Lockwood’s Folly Inlet, Cape Fear

January 10 — Loss of USS Iron Age near Lockwood’s Folly Inlet, Cape Fear

January 11 — Destruction of Ranger and Vesta

January 18-February 10 — Operations about New Bern against Whiting

January 22 — Skirmish at Harrellsville

January 27 — Expedition to Lake Phelps

January 28-February 4 — Confederate expedition from Wilmington to Newport Barracks

January 29 — Expedition up Roanoke River

January 30 — Skirmish at Windsor

January 30 — 3rd North Carolina Infantry, African Descent (Union) organized at Norfolk, Va.

January 31 — Joint expedition to Windsor

January — Gen. Robert B. Vance leads 500 Confederate troops on an expedition from Asheville, N.C. to Gatlinburg, Tenn. Vance is captured by a Federal cavalry detachment. One of the largest military missions initiated from western North Carolina. (WEST)

January 31-February 7 — Federal expedition from Maryville, Tenn. to Quallatown, N.C. Maj. Francis M. Davidson leads 600 Illinois cavalrymen into Cherokee County to destroy Thomas’s Legion. (WEST)


February 1-3 — Skirmish at Beech Grove and Batchelder's Creek, near New Bern

February 2 — Capture and destruction of USS Underwriter at New Bern

February 2 — Destruction of blockade-runner Wild Dayrell near New Topsail Inlet

February 2 — Action at Deep Creek (WEST)

February 2 — Skirmish at Bogue Sound Block House

February 2 — Skirmish at Newport Barracks

February 4-5 — Pursuit and destruction of blockade-runner Nutfield

February 5 — Skirmish at Quallatown (WEST)

February 6 — Skirmish at Newport Barracks

February 6 — Destruction of blockade-runner Dee near Masonboro Inlet

February 7 — Affair at Waccamo Neck

February 8 — 35th U.S. Colored Troops — redesignated from 1st North Carolina Infantry, African Descent

February 8 — 36th U.S. Colored Troops — redesignated from 2nd North Carolina Infantry, African Descent

February 8 — 37th U.S. Colored Troops — redesignated from 3rd North Carolina Infantry, African Descent

February 9 — Reconnaissance toward Swansborough

February 10 — Destruction of blockade-runners Emily and Fanny and Jenny near Masonboro Inlet

February 16 — Affair ar Fairfield

February 16 — Capture of blockade-runner Pet off Lockwood’s Folly Inlet, Cape Fear

February 17-22 — Federal expedition from Motley’s Ford, Tenn. to Murphy and vicinity, Cherokee County. (WEST)

February 29 — Boat expedition under Lt. Cushing into Cape Fear River


March 1 — Capture of British steamer Scotia 85 miles S.S.E. of Cape Fear

March 1-2 — Naval expedition up Chowan River to rescue army steamer Bombshell

March 4 — Capture of British Steamer Don, inbound for Wilmington, 5 days out of Nassau

March 6 — Capture of blockade-runner Mary Ann, outbound from Wilmington en route to Nassau

March 6 — USS Peterhoff sunk by Confederate artillery (and a collision with the USS Monticello) off Smith's Island, Cape Fear

March 17 — 14th U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery organized at New Bern and Morehead City, from 1st North Carolina Heavy Artillery, African Descent (Union)

March 24-26 — Boat expedition to Swansborough and Bear Creek

March 25-26 — Expedition to Bogue and Bear Inlets

March 26 — Skirmish near Black Jack Church

March 26 — Skirmish at Ivy Bend



April 1 — Skirmish near Plymouth

April 2 — Affair at Cape Lookout (destruction of lighthouse)

April 5 — Affair near Blount's Creek

April 10 — Montrevail Ray and 75 bushwhackers raid Burnsville in Yancey County — Plundering in Watauga County by Vaughn’s Confederate cavalry. (WEST)

April 17 — Skirmish at Beaver Creek

April 17-20 — Engagement, Siege, and Capture of Plymouth, and Fort Williams, with aid of ironclad CSS Albemarle (Hoke). Sinking of USS Southfield by CSS Albemarle — Operations in defense of Plymouth, including naval actions. Casualties: roughly 2,834 on both sides

April 21 — Destruction of Confederate salt works at Masonboro Inlet, near Wilmington

April 25 — Skirmish at Plymouth

April 26-30 — Confederate siege of Washington and Federal evacuation

April 27-28 — Skirmishes at Washington

April 27-29 — Affairs at Masonboro Inlet between USS Niphon and Confederate batteries (near Wilmington)

April 29-30 — Expedition from Newport Barracks to Swansborough


May 4 — Skirmish on Trent Road

May 4-6 — Operations about New Bern, and in Albemarle Sound

May 5 — Skirmish at Croatan

May 5 — Engagement in Roanoke River, with Ram (ironclad warship) Albemarle — Casualties: roughly 88 on both sides.

May 5 — Skirmish on south side of Trent River

May 6 — Capture of British steamer Young Republic

May 6-7 — Attack on Federal vessels at New Inlet by CSS Raleigh

May 7 — CSS Raleigh (Confederate ironclad steamer) ran aground inside New Inlet, destroyed by Confederates (Cape Fear)

May 9 — Capture of steamer Minnie

May 10 — Capture of British steamer Greyhound

May 15 — Capture of blockade-runner Tristram Shandy

May 24 — Appearance of CSS Albemarle in Albemarle Sound

May 25 — Expedition from USS Wyalusing for torpedo attack on CSS Albemarle

May 26 — Torpedo Explosion at Batchelder's Creek

May 30 — Capture of British steamer Caledonia

KIRK'S RAID (June-July) — (WEST)


June — 3rd North Carolina Mounted Infantry (Union) organized at Knoxville, Tenn.

June 2 — Destruction of steamer Georgiana McCall

June 4 — Capture of steamer Thistle

June 5 — Capture of steamer Siren off Cape Lookout

June 9 — Destruction of blockade-runner Pevensey near Beaufort

June 13-July 15 — Kirk's Raid: Federal raid from Morristown, Tenn. into North Carolina, the capture and destruction of Camp Vance near Morganton, and skirmishes. (WEST)

June 16 — Joint expedition in Pungo River

June 20-23 — Expedition from Batchelder's Creek to near Kinston

June 20-25 — Expedition to Wilmington & Weldon Railroad, including naval operations

June 22 — Skirmish at Southwest Creek

June 22-23 — Scout from Piney Green to Snead's Ferry and Swansborough

June 22-23 — Skirmish at Swansborough

June 23-24 — Reconnaissance by Lt. Cushing in Cape Fear River

June 28 — Skirmish at Kinston

June 28 — Skirmish near Murphy

June 28 — Capture of Camp Vance (WEST)

June — Unionist marauders target Flat Rock (in Henderson County), and the 64th North Carolina (headquartered at the Farmer Hotel) is assigned to the area to protect citizens and property. (WEST)

June — Marauders, after being treated to a meal and hospitality, kill Andrew Johnstone (a rice planter from South Carolina) at 1840 Beaumont estate. Johnstone’s young son fights back, killing two and injuring a third. This incident illustrates the wholesale violence in the region. (WEST)


July 2 — Capture of steamer Rouen

July 9 — Capture of steamer Little Ada

July 18-31 — Expedition from New Bern to Manning's Neck

July 27-August 4 — Expedition from Norfolk, Va. into North Carolina

July 28-29 — Joint expedition in Chowan River


August 1-3 — Pursuit of Confederates from Athens, Tenn. into North Carolina. (WEST)

August 2 — Skirmish at Murphy (WEST)

August 6-7 — Appearance of CSS Albemarle at mouth of Roanoke River

August 7 — Loss of USS Violet

August 23 — Blockade-runner chased ashore near Fort Caswell by USS Vicksburg

August 24 — Capture of steamer Lilian


September 4 — Capture of steamer Elsie

September 8 — The only capture of a Unites States Congressman during the Civil War — at Coinjock in Currituck County. George Washington Julian was taken prisoner when Capt. J. N. Maffitt ordered pilot J. B. Hopkins to take a detail of twenty Confederate sailors to the Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal and capture the mail boat Fawn. Julian was subsequently released in Elizabeth City.

September 10 — Capture of steamer A. D. Vance

September 19 — Reconnaissance near Wilmington for the examination of its defenses

September 25 — Destruction of blockade-runner Lynx

September 27 — Reconnaissance near Wilmington for the examination of its defenses

September 29 — Destruction of British steamer Night Hawk

September 29 — Action in Scuppernong River, engagement of USS Valley City with Confederate forces


October 1 — Blockade-runner Condor, inbound from Nova Scotia, ran aground off Fort Fisher with two prominent passengers on board: James B. Holcomb (Confederate Commissioner to Great Britain), and the famous Confederate spy, Rose O'Neal Greenhow. "Wild Rose" drowned in the surf when her lifeboat capsized. She is buried in Wilmington, and her tombstone reads September 30. The hulk of the Condor was later used for target practice by Confederate gunners at Fort Fisher(Cape Fear).

October 8 — Union tug USS Aster ran aground and was lost off Carolina Shoals, while chasing a blockade-runner (Cape Fear)

October 10 — Capture of British steamer Bat

October 11-13 — Scout from Camp Palmer to Gum Swamp

October 22 — Capture of Confederate steamer Hope

October 27-28 — Destruction of the CSS Albemarle at Plymouth (Cushing)

October 28 — Capture of British steamer Lady Sterling

October 29-November 1 — Federal re-occupation of Plymouth, including naval operations

October 31 — Capture of British steamer Annie


November — Federal re-occupation of Washington

November 23 — Entrance of blockade-runner Little Hattie into New Inlet



December 2-6 — Naval expedition to Pitch Landing

December 3 — Blockade-runner Ella, inbound for Wilmington, detroyed by Union blockaders off Old Inlet, Cape Fear

December 4 — Capture of steamer Armstrong

December 10-15 — Scout from Core Creek to Southwest Creek

December 6-10 — Expedition from Portsmouth, Va. to Hertford, N.C.

December 9 — Sinking of USS Ostego

December 9-28 — Joint expedition to Rainbow Bluff

December 10 — Skirmish at Mosely Ford

December 11-12 — Skirmishes at Southwest Creek Bridge

December 15 — Blockade-runner Stormy Petrel ran aground and sank (Cape Fear)

December 20-22 — Engagement at Poplar Point

December 24 — "Powder Vessel" USS Louisiana fails to destroy Fort Fisher

December 24-25 — First Bombardment of Fort Fisher

December 25 — Failed Assault on Fort Fisher — Casualties: roughly 485 on both sides (land and sea).

December 27 — Federal fleet returns to Beaufort

Continue to 1865

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The War Years

The War Years