Timeline . . .

1865

THE FINAL CAMPAIGNS

SECOND EXPEDITION AGAINST FORT FISHER (January)

January

January 13-15 — Second Bombardment of Fort Fisher

January 15 — Assault and Capture of Fort Fisher — Casualties: roughly 3,352 on both sides (land and sea). Combined casualties for both battles at Fort Fisher: roughly 3,837 on both sides (land and sea).

January 16 — Confederate evacuation of Fort Holmes on Smith's Island, and Forts Campbell and Caswell on Oak Island (Old Inlet, Cape Fear)

January 19 — Skirmish at Half Moon Battery on Federal Point

January 20 — Capture of blockade-runners Stag and Charlotte at Smithville

January 25 — Capture of British steamer Blenheim

January — Indiana cavalrymen capture a small body of Confederates in Swain County. (WEST)

WILMINGTON CAMPAIGN (February)

February

February 1-7 — Kirk’s Expedition from Newport, Tenn. to Waynesville, N.C. (Haywood County) — Force of 600 men (town sacked and jail burned, liberating jailed Unionists). Home of Confederate leader James R. Love also burned — Skirmish at Soco Creek (with battalion of Thomas’s Legion). (WEST)

February 11 — Engagement at Sugar Loaf

February 12-14 — Union attempt to bypass Hoke's Confederate line at Sugar Loaf fails

February 16-17 — Union advance on Fort Anderson, on the west side of the Cape Fear River

February 17 — Skirmish near Smithville

February 18 — Bombardment of Fort Anderson

February 18 — Skirmish at Orton Pond

February 19 — Capture of Fort Anderson

February 19-20 — Engagement at Town Creek

February 20 — Engagement at Forks Road

February 20 — Union bombardment of river batteries below Wilmington

February 21 — Skirmish at Eagles Island, opposite Wilmington

February 21 — Skirmish at Fort Strong, below Wilmington

February 22 — Union Occupation of Wilmington — Casualties during the advance on Wilmington: roughly 1,150 on both sides.

February 22 — Skirmish at Smith's Creek

February 22 — Action at Northeast Station

February 22 — Gen. Joseph E. Johnston assumes command of Confederate forces opposing Sherman's march through the Carolinas

February 23 — Gen. Braxton Bragg's Confederate forces retreat from Wilmington toward Goldsboro

February 27 —2nd North Carolina Volunteer Infantry (Union) consolidated with 1st North Carolina Infantry

CAMPAIGN OF THE CAROLINAS (March-April)

STONEMAN'S RAID (March-April)

March

March 4 — Skirmish at Phillips' Crossroads

March 6 — Union forces under Gen. John Schofield advance from New Bern toward Kinston and Goldsboro

March 7-8 — Union army of Gen. William T. Sherman enters North Carolina

March 7 — Skirmish at Rockingham

March 8 — Skirmish at Love's (Blue's) Bridge

March 8-10 — Battle of Wyse Fork (Southwest Creek, below Kinston) — Hoke's Division (Bragg) and a portion of the Army of Tennessee resist Union troops under Schofield during their advance on Goldsboro. Over 1,000 Federal troops captured. Casualties: roughly 2,601 on both sides

March 10 — Battle of Monroe's Crossroads — Cavalry clash between Wade Hampton's Confederates and Judson Kilpatrick's Federals — the first organized resistance against Sherman's army in North Carolina. Casualties: roughly 269 on both sides.

March 10-11 — Expedition from Suffolk, Va. to Murfee’s Depot, N.C. (peripheral)

March 11 — Skirmish at Fayetteville

March 11 — Union Occupation of Fayetteville

March 12-14 — Destruction of Fayetteville Arsenal

March 12 — Destruction of CSS Neuse (Confederate ironclad warship) at Kinston

March 13 — Skirmish at Fayetteville

March 14 — Federal occupation of Kinston

March 14 — Reconnaissance from Fayetteville on Goldsboro Road to Black River, and skirmish

March 14 — Reconnaissance from Fayetteville on Raleigh Road to Silver Run, and skirmish

March 15 — Skirmish near Smith's Mill, Black River

March 15 — Skirmish at South River

March 15 — Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston forms the hodgepodge Army of the South, from four separate commands at his disposal: Remnants of the Army of Tennessee, Hardee's Corps, Hoke's Division (Bragg), and Wade Hampton's cavalry

March 16 — Battle of Averasboro (Taylor's Hole Creek) — Crucial delaying action by Hardee's Confederates, resisting the advance of Sherman's Federal Left Wing. Casualties: roughly 1,682 on both sides.

March 16 — Skirmish at Little Coharie Creek

March 16 — Union Gen. Alfred H. Terry advances with his Provisional Corps from Wilmington toward Goldsboro

March 17 — Skirmish at Averasboro

March 17 — Skirmish at Falling Creek

March 18 — Skirmish at Mingo Creek

March 18 — Skirmish at Bushy Swamp

March 18 — Skirmish near Benton's Crossroads

March 19 — Skirmish at Neuse River Bridge, near Goldsboro

March 19-20 — Skirmishes at Cox's Bridge, Neuse River near Goldsboro

March 19-21 — Battle of Bentonville — the culminating event of the Carolinas Campaign. Johnston's Confederates engage in a major battle with Sherman's forces, in an effort to slow the Union march. After three days of battle, Confederate troops retreat toward Smithfield, leaving the way open for Sherman's army to occupy Goldsboro. Casualties: roughly 4,500 on both sides.

March 20 — Skirmish near Falling Creek

March 21 — Gen. John Schofield's Union forces reach Goldsboro

March 21 — Gen. Alfred Terry's Union forces reach Cox's Bridge on the Neuse River, below Goldsboro

March 22 — Skirmish at Mill Creek Creek

March 22 — Skirmish at Hannah's Creek

March 22 — Skirmish at Black Creek

March 23 — Skirmish at Cox's Bridge, Neuse River near Goldsboro

March 23-24 — Union forces of Sherman, Schofield, and Terry (90,000 men) are united at Goldsboro — the main objective of Sherman's Carolinas Campaign

March 24 — Skirmish near Moccasin Creek

March 28 — Skirmish near Snow Hill

March 28-April 3 — Stoneman's First Raid into Western North Carolina

March 28 — Skirmish at Boone (WEST)

March 28-April 11 — Expedition from Deep Bottom, Va. to near Weldon, N.C., with skirmishes (peripheral)

March 28 — 135th U.S. Colored Troops — organized by Maj. Gen. Francis P. Blair at Goldsboro, and mustered into service at Page Station

March 29 — Skirmish at Wilkesboro (WEST)

March 29 — Skirmish at Mosely Hall

March 31 — Skirmish at Gulley's

March 31 — Skirmish at Hookerton

UNION MARCH FROM GOLDSBORO TO RALEIGH (April)

FLIGHT OF THE CONFEDERATE GOVERNMENT (April)

April

April 1 — Skirmish near Snow Hill

April 2 — Skirmish near Goldsboro

April 3-11 — Kirby’s Expedition from East Tennessee toward Asheville, N.C. — 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps — Moved with 900 men through Warm Springs and Marshall to near Asheville — Engagement near Asheville — Returned to East Tennessee, via Greenville, and camped at Lick Creek. (WEST)

April 5-7 — Destruction of U.S. transports on Neuse River

April 8 — Action at Martinsville (WEST)

April 9 — Surrender of Gen. Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Courthouse, Va.

April 9-26 — Stoneman's Second Raid into Western North Carolina

April 10 — Skirmish at Boone Hill

April 10 — Skirmish at Moccasin Swamp

April 10 — Skirmish at Nahunta Station

April 11 — Skirmish near Smithfield

April 11 — Federal occupation of Smithfield

April 11 — Skirmish at Beulah

April 11 — Skirmish at Pikeville

April 11 — Skirmish at Shallow Ford (WEST)

April 11 — Skirmish near Mocksville (WEST)

April 11 — Confederate president Jefferson Davis and his cabinet arrive at Greensboro, having evacuated the Confederate capital at Richmond, Va., on April 2

April 12 — Skirmish at Grants Creek, near Salisbury (WEST)

April 12 — Engagement at Salisbury (WEST)

April 12 — Skirmish at Swift Creek

April 12 — Skirmish near Raleigh, Stalling's Station

April 13 — Union Occupation of Raleigh

April 13 — Skirmish near Raleigh

April 13 — Skirmish at Morrisville

April 14 — Skirmish near Morrisville

April 14 — Skirmish at Saunder's Farm

April 14-15 — President Abraham Lincoln is assasinated — shot in the head by John Wilkes Booth, Linclon dies the next day

April 15 — Skirmish near Chapel Hill

April 15 — Confederate President Jefferson Davis and his entourage depart Greensboro on horseback, with cavalry escort

April 17 — Action at Catawba River, near Morganton (WEST)

April 18-26 — Suspension of hostilities between Sherman & Johnston

April 18 — Confederate President Jefferson Davis and his entourage arrive at Charlotte.

April 20 — Skirmish at Swannanoa Gap (WEST)

April 22 — Skirmish at Howard's Gap (WEST)

April 22 — Confederate cabinet members deliver terms of Sherman-Johnston surrender agreement to President Jefferson Davis at Charlotte.

April 23 — Action near Hendersonville (WEST)

April 26 — Johnston Surrenders to Sherman at the Bennett Place near Durham Station (Largest troop surrender of the war, encompassing Confederate forces in the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida)

April 26 — Asheville ransacked

April 26 — Confederate President Jefferson Davis and his entourage resume their flight, leaving Charlotte en route to South Carolina and Georgia

May

May — Raid from East Tennessee into Haywood County, N.C. — 2nd N.C. Mounted Infantry (Unionist highlanders organized by Kirk) — Occupation of Waynesville — Skirmish at White Sulphur Springs — Brazen gang raids by bushwhackers in Wilkes, Watauga, Alexander, and Caldwell counties (Wade and Simmons outlaws) — Citizen attack on “Fort Hamby” in Wilkes County (Wade) — Capture of Simmons by Federal cavalrymen. (WEST)

May 6 — Skirmish at White Sulphur Springs (WEST)

May 10 — Confederate President Jefferson Davis is captured in Irwinville, Georgia

May 11-16 — Naval expedition on the Roanoke River

December

December 4 — The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (abolishing slavery in the United States) is ratified by North Carolina.

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The War Years

The War Years